Melt Blown Fabric Machine
Meltblown fabric is an important material. It has a wide range of applications in many fields. In face mask applicatin, the fabric uses melt blown PP (Polypropylene) as the main raw material.
USEON provides turn-key solutions for melt blown fabric production line. Help you to produce high quality meltblown fabric.
Photos of Melt Blown Fabric Production Line
More About USEON Meltblown Lines & Meltblown Fabric
USEON can build high-performance melt blown production line. We can design and produce the entire equipment to meet your needs. If you want to launch new production line, we’ll help you.
Our meltblown nonwoven fabric production line can produce high quality PP meltblown fabrics. The meltblown equipment runs stably, with high output and high efficiency.
Melt Blown Fabric Machine Specifications
Melt Blown Fabric Line 3D Assembly Drawing
Layout of Meltblown Line
Process Flow of Meltblown Production Line
The melt-blown process uses high-speed hot air to draw a thin stream of polymer melt extruded from the die orifice, thereby forming ultra-fine fibers and condensing on the screen or roller, and relying on self-adhesion and become a non-woven fabric.
The process flow is:
Polymer mixing -> Melt extrusion -> Filter -> Melt pump -> Die -> Electret treatment -> Winding system
Equipment List of Meltblown Fabric Production Line
- Loss-in-weight Feeder
- Twin Screw Extruder
- Vacuum System
- Screen Changer (two sets)
- Gear Pump Unit
- Heating System for Hot Air
- Melt-blown Box (T-Die, Distribution, Spinneret)
- Collection Device (Conveyor or Drum)
- High-voltage Electrostatic Electret Device
- Winding Machine
Meltblown Spinneret Die Head
Operation Guide for UM1600 Meltblown Line
How to start and stop the meltblown line?
We have a step by step operation guide. In this guide, you will learn how to set those key parameter values, such as temperature, pressure, melt pump speed, feeder flow etc.
Click here for detailed guide. If any question, feel free to contact our expert.
How to Cleaning and Fix Spinneret?
Step1: Put Spinneret and filter into furnace
The process of Furnace:
A) It take 1 hour to increasing the temperature up to 250℃, then holding the same temperature for 1.5 hour. The vacuum system starts automatically when the temperature Up to 250℃. The vacuum value is setting up to 0.07Mpa.
B) It take 1 hour to increasing the temperature from 250 to 460℃, then holding the same temperature for 4 hours. The vacuum system stops automatically.
C) The heating system is off automatically. It takes about 8 hours to decrease the temperature from 460 to 250℃. Open the cover of furnace 20cm. It takes about 8 hours to decrease the temperature from 250 to 50℃.
Step2: Ultrasonic cleaning unit
Put the cover of spinneret into the Ultrasonic cleaning unit.
Add 100 grams detergent into the water.
Heat the water up to 70℃ then start ultrasonic for 4 hours.
Take out the cover for cleaning and dry.
Cleaning spinneret with the same way as above.
Step3: Put spinneret on table with light
Step4: Check the hole one by one by magnifier
Step5: Cleaning the hole by needle with diameter 0.25mm
Step6: Fix the cover and tighten all the screws gently
Step7: Adjust the gap up to 0.8mm by adjust the side screws, then tighten the top screws with 30N.m
How to Install Meltblown Spinneret?
STEP1: Heating equipment to melt and clean up residual raw materials
STEP2: Install the spinneret and tighten the screws with a torque wrench
STEP3: Check the spinneret and make fine adjustments
STEP4: Test the machine and check the operation of the equipment
What is Melt-blown Fabric
Meltblown fabric is a non-woven fabric made by melt blown method with high MFI (1200/1500/1800 g/10min, Condition 2.16kg, 230°C) PP as the main raw material.
The melt blown method is a spinning method that uses a high-speed hot air flow to rapidly stretch, solidify, and shape a polymer melt that has just been extruded. The advantage is that the process flow is short, and the non-woven fabric can be directly produced by spinning.
The fiber diameter of the melt-blown cloth can reach 1 to 5 microns. With many voids, fluffy structure, and good fold resistance, these ultra-fine fibers with unique capillary structure increase the number and surface area of fibers per unit area, thus making the melt-blown cloth have good filtering, shielding, heat insulation, and oil absorption .
The most important reason why the melt blown fabric is much better than ordinary non-woven fabrics is the electret treatment. Through electret treatment, the PP meltblown fabric is charged with static electricity, which can effectively absorb and block viruses.
Melt-blown Fabric Applications
- Medical and sanitary cloths: surgical gowns, protective clothing, sterilization wraps, masks, diapers, sanitary napkins, etc.
- Fabrics for home decoration: wall stickers, tablecloths, bed sheets, bed covers, etc.
- Cloth for clothing: lining, adhesive lining, flakes, shaped cotton, various synthetic leather base fabrics, etc.
- Industrial fabrics: filter materials, HEPA filter, insulating materials, cement bags, geotextiles, covering fabrics, etc.
- Agricultural cloth: crop protection cloth, seedling raising cloth, irrigation cloth, thermal insulation curtain, etc.
- Others: space cotton, thermal insulation and sound insulation materials, linoleum, cigarette filter, tea bags, etc.
Factors Affecting the Quality of Meltblown Fabric
1. MFI of Polymer Raw Materials
Meltblown fabric is the best filter for masks. It is a very fine material. The inside is made up of a lot of crisscross microfibers stacked in random directions. Taking PP as an example, the higher the MFI, the finer the wire drawn during melt-blown processing, and the better the filtration performance.
2. Hot Air Velocity
Under the same temperature, screw speed and receiving distance (DCD) and other conditions, the faster the hot air speed, the smaller the fiber diameter, the non-woven fabric feels softer, and the more fiber entanglement, resulting in more dense and smooth fiber web Strength increased.
3. Hot Air Jet Angle
The hot air jet angle mainly affects the drawing effect and fiber morphology. The smaller angle will cause the fine flow to form parallel fiber bundles, resulting in poor uniformity of the non-woven fabric. If the angle tends to 90°, a highly dispersed and turbulent air flow will be generated, which is conducive to the random distribution of fibers on the screen curtain, and the resulting melt-blown cloth has good anisotropy.
4. Receive Distance (DCD)
Too long acceptance distance will lead to a decrease in the vertical and horizontal strength and bending strength, the non-woven fabric feels fluffy, and in the melt-blown process will lead to a reduction in filtration efficiency and filtration resistance.
5. Screw Extrusion Speed
Under the condition of constant temperature, the screw extrusion rate should be kept within a certain range. Before a certain critical point, the faster the extrusion speed, the higher the quantitative amount of melt-blown cloth, and the greater the strength; when the critical value is exceeded, the strength of the melt-blown cloth decreases.
Meltblown Fabric Final Product
The final melt blown fabric produced by our line will be above PFE 99 (25GSM, one layer, Nacl, 32L/mim, filter efficiency more than 99%).
This test result is better than BFE 99 (Bacterial Filtration Efficiency).
PP plus electret masterbatch (2-3%).
Usually it is high MFI PP. ExxonMobil and Daelim have such meltblown use PP resin. We (USEON New Materials) produces premium quality meltblown PP resin as well. Polyone and Clariant has electret masterbatch for PP meltblown fabric.
For UM1200, it is 800-1200kg/day, for UM1600, it is 1200-2000kg/day. The throughput is really related to quality of the fabric. The finer fiber, better filtration efficiency and lower throughput. We collect all these data from our lines.
The diameter of spinneret hole is 0.25mm, the distance between two holes is 0.55mm.
Yes, even slitting machine is included as well.
Yes, service is our core competitiveness. But travel cost is excluded.
For UM1600, 400KVA transformer is required. Average consumption is 180KW/HR approximately.
Currently it is dedicated to face masks filter media. With little modification, it can produce other materials such as wiper and oil absorbent felt.
Yes, the line has to run 24 hours continuously, because every start-up requires minimum two hours heating-up. Every start-up and stop costs some waster.
Our meltblown line have been sold to many countries. Such as UK, Germany, Canada, India etc.
Different specifications and different configurations will have a great impact on the price, our price is very competitive in the market. Welcome to contact us, our sales team will give you a satisfactory answer.