USEON is committed to providing advanced extruder for all kind of cable compounding:

1) PE Insulation And Sheathing Compound
2) Crosslinkable PE (XLPE) Insulation Compounds
3) PVC Compounds for Cable
4) Halogen Free Flame Retardant (HFFR)

PE Insulation and Sheathing Compound

PE compounds are widely used in wires and cables for insulation and sheathing purposes. In fact, polyethylene compounds are among the most common forms of plastics. Polyethylene is a thermoplastic polymer consisting of long hydrocarbon chains of the base monomer (C2H4) and our PE compounds are generally based on polyethylene or co-polymers of polyethylene suitably modified to client specifications.

Basic Formula:

LDPE/LLDPE/MDPE/HDPE + color pigment/carbon black 2-5% + additives

Three Types of Process:

1) Kneader + Conical Force Feeding + Single Screw Extruder + Water Ring Pelletizing

Technical Specifications of Extruder:

ModelKneader Volume
(Liter)
Screw Diameter
(mm)
Screw Speed
(rpm)
Motor
(kW)
Output
(kg/hr)
K75-TDD1807518075110/90600-700
K110-TDD22011022075160/110900-1100

2) Mixer + Twin Screw Extruder + Water Ring Pelletizing

3) Loss-in-weight Feeding + Twin Screw Extruder + Water Ring Pelletizing

Technical Specifications of Extruder:

ModelDiameter
(mm)
Max. Speed
(rpm)
Motor
(kW)
L/DOutput
(kg/hr)
SAT5251.480011040-44250-350
SAT6562.480016040-44450-600
SAT7571.480025040-44700-900

Crosslinkable PE (XLPE) Insulation Compounds

Polyethylene has been and still is used as a cable insulant, but, as a thermoplastic material, its applications are limited by thermal constraints. Crosslinking improves the elevated-temperature properties of the base polymer. The effect of the cross-linking is to inhibit the movement of molecules with respect to each other under the stimulation of heat and this gives the improved stability at elevated temperatures compared with the thermoplastic materials. This permits higher operating temperatures, both for normal loading and under short-circuit conditions, so that an XLPE cable has a higher current rating than its equivalent PVC counterpart. XLPE has one of the best water resistance and low permeability capacities and abilities.

Almost all cross-linkable polyethylene compounds (XLPE) for wire and cable applications are based on LDPE. XLPE-insulated cables have a rated maximum conductor temperature of 90 °C and an emergency rating up to 140 °C, depending on the standard used. They have a conductor short-circuit rating of 250 °C. XLPE has excellent dielectric properties, making it useful for medium voltage-10 to 50 kV AC, and high voltage cables-up to 380 kV AC-voltage, and several hundred kV DC.

Basic formula of Silane base XLPE:

A material: LLDPE/LDPE 98% + DCP 0.1% + Silane 1.5% + Anti-oxidant
B material: LLDPE/LDPE 95.5% + DBTL 4% + Anti-oxidant 0.5%
Mix 95% of A and 5% B material for the XLPE Cable extrusion

Process:

1) For A material: loss-in-weight feeding and High torque extruder with long L/D.

Need dryer and vacuum packing system.

Technical Specifications of Extruder:

ModelDiameter
(mm)
Max. Speed
(rpm)
Motor
(kW)
L/DOutput
(kg/hr)
SAT6562.440013256400-500
SAT7571.440022056700-800
SAT959340031556900-1100

2) For B material: loss-in-weight feeding and Low torque extruder with 40 L/D.

Technical Specifications of Extruder:

ModelDiameter
(mm)
Max. Speed
(rpm)
Motor
(kW)
L/DOutput
(kg/hr)
EC4041600304080-100
EC5251.46005540130-160

PVC Compounds for Cable

Polyvinyl chloride is the third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene. It is produced by polymerization of the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) . PVC’s relatively low cost, biological and chemical resistance and workability have resulted in it being used for a wide variety of applications. Plasticized PVC is commonly used as insulation & sheathing on electrical cables.

Basic Formula:

PVC 60% + DOP 20% + Calcined Clay 10-20% + CaCO3 0-10% + Heating Stabilizer + Additives

Tandem Extruder for PVC Compounding:

The first stage is co-rotating parallel twin screw extruder for dispersion and distribution.
The second stage is single screw extruder for cooling and pelletizing.

Technical Specifications of Extruder:

ModelDiameter
(mm)
Max. Speed
(rpm)
L/DMotor
(kW)
Output
(kg/hr)
SAT52-TDD150R51.4/150500/9340/890/55250-350
SAT65-TDD180R62.4/180500/9340/8132/75500-600
SAT75-TDD200R71/200500/9340/8220/90800-1200
SAT95-TDD240R93/240500/9340/8355/1101700-2500

Halogen Free Flame Retardant (HFFR)

Halogen free flame retardant (HFFR), low smoke zero halogen (LSOH), low smoke and fume (LSF) are all names associated with compounds that are used extensively in the cable insulation. These compounds are generally based on polyethylene or co-polymers of polyethylene with the addition of mineral fillers to impart flame retardant properties.

Basic Formula:

PE 10% + EVA 30% + ATH powder 55% + Additive 5%

Two Types of Process:

1) Kneader + Conical Force Feeding + Twin Screw Extruder + Single Screw Extruder + Air Cooling Die Face Pelletizing

Technical Specifications of Extruder:

ModelKneader Volume
(Liter)
Screw Diameter
(mm)
Screw Speed
(rpm)
Motor
(kW)
Output
(kg/hr)
K75-SAT65-TDD1807562.4/180500/75110/110/75400-500
K110-SAT75-TDD20011071.4/200500/75160/200/90700-800

2) Loss-in-weight Feeding + Triple Screw Extruder + Single Screw Extruder + Air Cooling Die Face Pelletizing

Technical Specifications of Extruder:

ModelDiameter
(mm)
Max. Speed
(rpm)
L/DMotor
(kW)
Output
(kg/hr)
SAT-T52-TDD150R51.4/150500/7544/890/55250-350
SAT-T65-TDD180R62.4/180500/7544/8132/75500-600
SAT-T75-TDD200R71.4/200500/7544/8220/90800-1000

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